Friday, 5 May 2017

Unheard Roar

Known by the scientific name Panthera tigris, tigers are the biggest cats which is both admired and feared by the world. Well! Why won’t we admire such a majestic creature?
That look with pride

They are the national animal of India, Bangladesh, Malaysia and South Korea. This giant charismatic animal have their stripes on the skin as well. They usually hunt alone at night with speeds up to around 65KM/H. It is said that the saliva of the tigers are antiseptic in nature and their bones have high medicinal values. 
But the saddest part is that they have been marked endangered. In the beginning of the 20th century, the tiger population was around 100,000 and now we stand with a less than some 5000 tigers around the globe.

There were so many subspecies of Panthera tigris (Tigers). Lots of the subspecies are extinct, while some are critically endangered and few remain endangered.
1.      Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica)
Trapped Bali tiger
Balinese tiger which resided on the Indonesian island of Bali was said to be hunted purposefully to extinction due to a cultural belief that tigers represented evil and destruction in 1940s.

2.      Javan Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica)
Javan Tiger
This extinct tiger subspecies was native to the Indonesian island of Java

3.      Caspian Tiger (Panthera tigris virgata)

They were one of the biggest cats to have ever lived. They inhabited around the Caspian sea.

4.      Wanhsien Tiger (Panthera tigris acutidens)
Before extinction they were found in Asia

5.      Ngandong Tiger (Panthera tigris soloensis)
Ngandong tiger
They have inhabited the Sundaland region of Indonesia

6.      Trinil Tiger (Panthera tigris trinilensis)
Trinil Tiger
They lived in the locality of Trinil of Java Island in Indonesia

7.      Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)
sumatran tiger
They inhabit the Indonesian island of Sumatra. World has an estimated population of around 500 Sumatran tigers

8.      Malayan Tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)
Malayan tiger
They reside around the southern and central parts of Malay Peninsula. Malayan tigers stand with an estimated population of 300 in the world.

9.      South China Tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis)
South China tiger in action
They are found in the southern China

1 Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)
Growling Siberian tiger
They are found in Russia with a total population of 562.

1  Indochinese Tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)
Indochinese tiger
They are found in Myanmar, Thailand, Lao, Vietnam, and Southwestern China. This tiger subspecies is considered extinct in Cambodia now. Total estimated population of Indochinese tigers was 342.

1   Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris
Bengal Tiger
This subspecies has the largest population of around 3800 in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. Bhutan is home to 103 Bengal tigers. This subspecies is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh. Bengal tigers have a recessive colour variant of white tigers.They are extinct in Pakistan and China.

We all feel that tigers are strong enough to get their own food and will definitely survive well in the woods. But there are so many issues tigers have been fighting for ages and very unfortunately most of them lost the battles and left this world forever. Lots of them are already extinct now and so many are on the verge of getting extinct. Perhaps we are the only ones who can stop this because it was we and our forefathers who caused this pathetic condition for them.

Forest degradation causing their habitat fragmentation was one main reason. It is said that a single tiger need 25000 acres of forests as they prey on the herbivorous animals which means there should be abundant forest cover. And so presence of tiger in the forest denotes a healthy environment.

The next main reason for the dwindling number of tigers in the forest is poaching. Due to high market value of the parts of the tigers (Bones and Skin), they were poached heavily which drastically reduced their population. WWF works to enforce zero tolerance for tiger poaching across Asia under the mission ZERO POACHING.

Retaliatory Killings is pointed out as another reason for tiger endangerment. I read somewhere that tigers do not normally view human as prey. They attack human only if they feel threatened by our presence. This is not my judgment, but this seemed to be true as I heard so many incidences. Tigers don’t prey humans.


Tuesday, 21 March 2017

Those funny days

In the year 2012, we were crowned in our school for being the senior most as we were at the peak of our high school. We enjoyed putting on that serthra gho and kira to school every day. Our class teacher, Ms Sumitra with glasses used to start our day with all those friction, force, motion…blah blah (I don’t remember much of physics content now). She was even the Head of Science Department in the school. So when her department decided to have a science exhibition in the school, she held great expectations from her class which was XII science B. Why would she not expect? We were the senior most science students in the school. With the exhibition happening in just two weeks, none of my classmates thought about participating there to showcase our talents.

We all were busy with our own studies. Few days before the event, she asked us what our plans were and nobody had any answer. Then she gave us her whole teaching period to discuss and plan out something amongst us. When the time was over, there were lots of ideas cropped among the students which made her feel really relived and happy.

But on the day of the event, there was hardly any model. It was me and my friend Tshering Wangmo who came up with a small idea of air pressure. It was an absolutely lazy and flat model. All we needed was an empty plastic bottle and a boiled egg..hehe (I seriously find it funny to share this idea here). We did the demonstration once and it was pretty cool but very unluckily on the day of exhibition, our only plastic bottle got crumbled and shapeless which gave a failed report to our experiment.

When the science lab assistants knew about our problem, she gave us another plastic bottle. I and my friend had no idea that the bottle was previously used to store diesel and we simply inserted the flame into the bottle. Within seconds, the flame busted and we both nearly survived an accident. Thank you Buddha!

After this event, we were more than sure that our experiment cannot be displayed so we sat back hopelessly looking at other models made by our juniors. Soon our class captain, Tshering Pelden came with a science book which had simple experiments. We scanned through the pages to save the nose of our class at the last moment. And we caught hold of one simple process “DISTILLATION” using the filter paper. Then the lab assistant again came to us and seeing our pathetic presentation on our table, she gave us a water filter purely made at home using the available materials, which everyone can make at home. And she told us, “Last year’s passed out students made this”

So finally we had two displays on our table: water distillation and home-made water filter. And we were four girls (Tsheyang Choden joined us) from our class presenting the models. When the experiment finally began and students came around, we gained confidence in our experiment and model. Our biggest lie that we made the hand-made water filter seemed really true to our own belief. Everyone was praising our idea and appreciated the four of us there.

Then a twist came suddenly as we spotted someone in the crowd. There was a guy who was our senior, but he couldn’t do the final exams due to medical reasons and he was in our batch (in different section though). Seeing the guy, the four of us looked at each other and knew that he was the one in last years’ student batch who made the home-made water filter which we were displaying as our own. So the only option left for us to save from the shame was to run away. The two of us ran away, leaving our table. The other two friends were reluctant to leave. So they did the rest of the presentation and completed it too.

Towards the end of the exhibition, Sir Pradeep came for inspection and evaluation. He knew everything about the models and who really made it too, so he just gave us that look of how insincere and irresponsibility we were. And when the results came, better don’t ask where my team stood in the ranking…hehe

Though this wasn’t a good thing we did but whenever I recall this incident or share it with my friends, I am always happy of the fun I had because it seems really interesting and shows how much fun our school life really was.